FPESA Research Paper Assessment: As Developing Country Households Get Smaller, Individual Fuelwood Use Rises—But Population Total Use May Fall

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[columns] [span8] Kyle W. Knight and Eugene A. Rosa, “Household Dynamics and Fuelwood Consumption in Developing Countries: A Cross-national Analysis,” Population and Environment, vol. 33, no. 4 (June 2012), pp. 365–78, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11111-011-0151-3. This paper was collaboratively assessed. A study of … Continued

FPESA Research Paper Assessment: “Carbon Legacies” and the Link Between Childbearing and Climate Change

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[columns] [span8] Project Director’s note: On August 18, National Public Radio ran a segment on the efforts of bioethical philosopher Travis Rieder to justify the concept of “population engineering” to head off catastrophic climate change. Rieder and two co-authors of … Continued

FPESA Research Paper Assessment: Identity as Mothers, Appalachians Key to Environmental Justice Activism

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[columns] [span8] Shannon Elizabeth Bell and Yvonne A. Braun, “Coal, Identity, and the Gendering of Environmental Justice Activism in Central Appalachia,” Gender & Society, vol. 24, no. 6 (December 2010), pp. 794–813, https://doi.org/10.1177/0891243210387277. Women in the environmental justice movement in … Continued

FPESA Research Paper Assessment: More Women in Parliaments Linked to Environmental Treaties

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[columns] [span8] Kari Norgaard and Richard York, “Gender Equality and State Environmentalism,” Gender & Society, vol. 19, no. 4 (August 2005), pp. 506–22, https://doi. org/10.1177/0891243204273612. This paper was collaboratively assessed. National parliaments with higher proportions of women members are significantly … Continued

FPESA Research Paper Assessment: Land Scarcity in Africa May Raise Unmet Demand for Family Planning

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[columns] [span8] Derek D. Headey and T.S. Jayne, “Adaptation to Land Constraints: Is Africa Different?” Food Policy, vol. 48 (October 2014), pp. 18–33, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2014.05.005. An empirical examination of how rural African households respond to constraints on cropland found that rural … Continued

FPESA Research Paper Assessment: Population Growth May Not Drive Deforestation in Eastern Ecuador, Yet Still Be Unsustainable

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[columns] [span8] Anders Henrik Sirén, “Population Growth and Land Use Intensification in a Subsistence-based Indigenous Community in the Amazon,” Human Ecology, vol. 35, no. 6 (December 2007), pp. 669–80, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-006-9089-y. This paper was collaboratively assessed. Population growth in Sarayaku, a … Continued

FPESA Research Paper Assessment: Population Growth, Urbanization “Dwarf Likely Impacts of Climate Change” on Groundwater in Africa

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[columns] [span8] Richard C. Carter and Alison Parker, “Climate Change, Population Trends and Groundwater in Africa,” Hydrological Sciences Journal, vol. 54, no. 4 (2009), pp. 676–89, https://doi.org/10.1623/hysj.54.4.676. While the effects of climate change on African groundwater are likely to be … Continued

FPESA Research Paper Assessment: Fertility Decline Spurs Per Capita Consumption Increase

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[columns] [span8] Ronald Lee and Andrew Mason, “Fertility, Human Capital, and Economic Growth over the Demographic Transition,” European Journal of Population, vol. 26, no. 2 (19 June 2010), pp. 159–82, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10680-009-9186-x. Fertility decline and accompanying population aging are unlikely to … Continued

FPESA Research Paper Assessment: Human Population Growth Threatens Animal Species

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[columns] [span8] Jeffrey McKee, Erica Chambers, and Julie Guseman, “Human Population Density and Growth Validated as Extinction Threats to Mammal and Bird Species,” Human Ecology, vol. 41, iss. 5 (October 2013), pp. 773–78. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-013-9586-8. This paper was collaboratively assessed. … Continued

FPESA Research Paper Assessment: Family Planning and Coastal Conservation May Work Better Together Than Either Does Alone

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[columns] [span8]   Leona D’Agnes et al., “Integrated Management of Coastal Resources and Human Health Yields Added Value: A Comparative Study in Palawan (Philippines),” Environmental Conservation, vol. 37, no. 4 (December 2010), pp. 398–409. DOI: 10.1017/S0376892910000779. URL (abstract): journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=7944204&fileId=S0376892910000779. This … Continued

FPESA Research Paper Assessment: The Pill May Reduce Estrogen Pollution

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[columns] [span8] Usman Khan and Jim A. Nicell, “Contraceptive Options and Their Associated Estrogenic Environmental Loads: Relationships and Trade-Offs,” PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 3 (March 2014), e-page: e92630. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0092630. URL (full paper): www.plosone.org/article/fetchObject.action?uri=info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0092630&representation=PDF. This paper was collaboratively assessed. … Continued

FPESA Research Paper Assessment: Slower Population Growth, Lower Emissions

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[columns] [span8] Global Demographic Trends and Future Carbon Emissions Brian C. O’Neill et al., “Global Demographic Trends and Future Carbon Emissions,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 107, no. 41 (12 October 2010), pp. 17521–17526. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1004581107. URL … Continued

A Word on Our Sponsor: Shared Values on Family Planning, Population, and Environment

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[columns] [span8] Over the coming weeks, the Family Planning and Environmental Sustainability Assessment (FPESA) project will be providing advance peeks at peer-reviewed scientific papers from the last decade that offer evidence on the link between family planning and environmental sustainability. … Continued

“Convince Them to Say It”: Environmental Researchers and the Touchy Topics of Family Planning and Population

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[columns] [span8] As a young and promising marine biologist, Camilo Mora led a team of 55 scientists assessing the rapid decline of fish on the world’s coral reefs. It was a global enterprise with broad implications. Hundreds of millions of … Continued

Researching the Connections: Challenges and Opportunities

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[columns] [span8] The Family Planning and Environmental Sustainability Assessment (FPESA) project has undertaken an important and challenging agenda, one with tremendous implications for the well-being of human populations and the planet. The project’s finding that there is little scholarship directly … Continued

High Rates of Unintended Pregnancy Even as Fertility Falls: Population, Contraception, and Research in Latin America and the Caribbean

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[columns] [span8] The population of Latin America and the Caribbean has nearly quadrupled since the mid-20th century, from 169 million in 1950 to 634 million in 2015, according to the United Nations Population Division. A key factor behind this sharp … Continued

Does Family Planning Actually Promote Environmental Sustainability? The Challenge of Isolating Causal Factors in Complex and Dynamic Systems

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[columns] [span8] As the Family Planning and Environmental Sustainability Assessment (FPESA) project illustrates, an abundance of peer-reviewed scientific literature addresses various potential connections between family planning, demographic change, and environmental sustainability. Although the project does not address how the research … Continued

“PHE”: Family Planning and Environmental Sustainability in Communities

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[columns] [span8] Although they are too rarely the topic of peer-reviewed research, community-based projects in some developing countries are bringing family planning and environmental sustainability together at the level of people’s lives. Called PHE projects—for “population, health, and environment”—these initiatives … Continued

Experts Reflect on the State and Future of Research on Family Planning and Environmental Sustainability

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Reproductive health, family planning, population, and the state of the environment interact in individual human lives. However, research only rarely examines this integrated dynamic. Demography, health, and individual environmental topics typically fall into silos, reflecting the disciplinary specialty of researchers or the focus of funders.

How to move forward? The experts we interviewed agreed that research should explore how family planning relates to forces and factors that can bring about environmental sustainability. They also agreed that this needs to be integrated with the study of what works to improve livelihoods, food security, education, economic opportunities, and the empowerment of girls and women.

Enlisting Ethiopia’s Orthodox Church to address population, climate change, and cultural heritage

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According to the latest United Nations medium-variant projections, the population of Ethiopia—Africa’s second most populous country—is expected to nearly double from just under 99 million in 2015 to almost 188 million in 2050. This rapid increase in human numbers could seriously threaten the country’s environmental and sustainable development goals. Click above to read more…